The NTPC is not just the leading power generating company in the country. It is also one of the topmost public sector undertakings which have been playing a dynamic role in transforming the lives of the people in various regions locating its projects. Its sustained work for the resettlement and rehabilitation of the affected people as also the community development programmes in the adjoining villages is a testimony to the deep commitment of NTPC to its corporate social responsibility. In the process, NTPC projects have helped in imparting high growth to the local village economy, apart from improving the standard of living of the project affected persons and the villagers. NTPC’s CSR programmes have been continuously improving upon the resettlement and rehabilitation work through a process of consultations with the affected people and various non-government organizations.
The Singrauli region falls in two districts i.e. Sidhi in Madhya Pradesh and Sonbhadra in Uttar Pradesh There are three Super Thermal Power Stations/Projects in this region Singrauli, Vindhyachal and Rihand. Singrauli and Rihand plants are in Sonbhadra district of Uttar Pradesh, whereas the Vindhyachal Plant is in the Singrauli district of Madhya Pradesh. They are fed by the Rihand Reservoir and the Northern Coalfield Company Limited. Geographically, the area is full of hills covering thousands of tons of coal underneath. The density of forest is very thin in a radius of 50+kilometers.
The land in Singrauli region was not agriculturally rich because of its physical feature and frequent drought, and large number of people were dependent on traditional occupations for their livelihood. They were either labour on the fields of the landlords or earned their living through gathering from forests. Due to frequent drought, food drops were taken place number of times. Even after the construction of Govind Ballabh Pant Sagar Dam in the first five year plan, lands in the areas away from reservoir were not fertile.
Singrauli Super Thermal Power Station (SSTPS)
This power station was set up in 1977. It is a pit head Thermal Power Station having an installed capacity of 2000 MW with five units of 200 MW each and two units of 500 MW each.
Water supply for the purpose is drawn from the Rihand reservoir. Several States like U.P. Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Rajasthan, Haryana, Punjab, Delhi etc. have benefited from electricity generated by the project.
Vindhyachal Super Thermal Power Project
Vindhyachal Super Thermal Power Project of NTPC is located in the district of Sidhi/ Singrauli in the State of Madhya Pradesh. This project is in Singrauli region which adjoins the State of Madhya Pradesh & Uttar Pradesh and is about 225 Kms., south of Varanasi City. Vindhyachal is a pithead Power Station of installed capacity 1260 MW (6X210 MW) under Stage-I , 1000 MW (2X500 MW) of Stage-II) and 1000 MW (2X500 MW) under Stage-III. Presently the total capacity of this project is 3260 and 1000MW of Stage-IV is under construction.
Rihand Super Thermal Power Project (RhSTPP)
Rihand Super Thermal Power Project (RhSTPP) is located in the District of Sonebhadra in the state of Uttar Pradesh and 225 KM from Varanasi and is the third NTPc project in Singrauli region.
RhSTPP is a pithead power station with a capacity of 2000 MW in two stages, 1000 MW (2x500 MW each) in Stage-I and 1000 MW (2x500 MW each) in Stage-II. The Stage-I & II of the project is already commissioned. Presently total capacity of this project is 2000MW and 1000MW of stage-III is in an advance stage of erection.